Eyyub Mammadov

(1921-1994)
Eyyub Mammadov was born in Baku on 24 January 1921
In 1936-41 he studied at the Azerbaijan State Art School named after Azim Azimzade.
In 1940, he was appointed a teacher on special subjects at the same institute up to the mobilization of the Red Army in 1942.
From 1942 to 1945 he participated in the battles against the Nazi occupation in World War II, having passed from the defense of the Caucasus to the capture of Berlin.
After the war, in 1946, he was admitted to the USSR Union of Artists. The same year he entered the Moscow State Academic Art Institute named after V.I Surikov, the faculty of easel painting. His teachers were D.Machalskiy and G.Ryazhski. In 1949 he was admitted to the Moscow Union of Artists, and in 1950 he became a participant of the All-Union exhibitions.
After graduation he returned to Azerbaijan, starting his career, combining it with the educational and social activities. About forty years he taught at the Art School named after Azim Azimzade, and from 1965 to 1975, he worked as the director of the institution. Since the I Congress of the Union of Artists of the USSR until the V Congress he was elected to the Central Revolutionary Committee of the Union of Artists of the USSR. He was elected as deputy of the Baku Soviet, Chairman of the Commission of Veterans of the Great Patriotic War, the deputy chairman of the Arts Council for the painting section.
Died in Baku on 27 August 1994, at the age of 73 years.

Eyub Mammadov, the graduate of the Moscow Art Institute named after Surikov, was one of the brightest representatives of the Soviet school of painting in Azerbaijan.

Beginning from the 1950s, Mammadov actively exhibited at the Republican and all-Soviet art exhibitions with canvases on the topic of labor, such as “At a shipyard” (1950) and ‘The lunchtime’ (1951), etc.

At an early stage of his creative activity, the painter gave much place to the genre art dedicated to the life in a village. He also painted the portraits and landscapes. In his genre painting, the artist praised the hard labor of an ordinary man. It is no accident that his diploma work entitled ‘Exchange of experience between the cotton growers of Uzbekistan and Azerbaijan’ (1952) featured the development of one of the leading agricultural spheres of the Republic. This work was not only marked by the critics but also gained popularity among wide audience.

The painter’s compositions differ with a brave, confident manner of painting, based on principles of realism. His works stand out for a confident image, the ability to form a complete composition, search for uniqueness in color palette. His ‘Spring bazaar’ painted in bright, intensive color combinations and filled with the pathos of the zest for life is considered one of the best works of the 1950s.

Eyub Mammadov is a master of genre picture. In terms of a specified genre, he excelled in painting women full of tenderness and lyric, a generalized image of a man of labor- a cultivator and a creator, an image of a brave frontier guard and many others.

However, along with the genre pictures, the painter creates landscapes, featuring the most picturesque parts of native Azerbaijan. With his delicate gradations of semitones, the painter creates an impression of the depth of space and a far-stretching vastness.

The painter worked hardly and fruitfully in the genre of portraits. The ‘Portrait of chaban Bagirov’ is considered to be one of the best portraits.

The color structure of the painter’s canvases is gradually acquiring even more brightness and decorativeness, tending towards the national tradition of colorist perception. The best canvases of the painter are ‘Lay-lay’, ‘The family’, ‘Exchange of experience between the tea growers of Georgia and Azerbaijan’, ‘The fishery plant’ (1961), ‘Near the spring’, ‘Women in the fields of Lankaran’, ‘Amber of Jalilabad’, ‘Pride of Jalilabad’, ‘The youth of the ancient land’ and many others.

Throughout his creative life, Mammadov took part in numerous exhibitions,  was honored with orders and titles, taking a decent place in the history of Azerbaijani painting of the 20th century.

More Artworks by this Artist are available in Gallery.