Abdul Khalig’s creative activity
One of the leading places in the context of the Azerbaijani Soviet art belongs to Abdul Khalig who was a disciple of the Surikov Institute. He studied in the studio of Sergei Vasilyevich Gerasimov.
Abdul Khalig received his initial skills at the Azerbaijan State Art School, which he entered in 1935. Five years later, after graduating from the college, the painter took part in republican exhibitions with small paintings on the theme of collective farm life.
His studies in Moscow were interrupted by World War II and upon return to Baku, Ablul Khalig took an active part in the creative life of the Republic. In 1944, the artist returned to Moscow to continue his studies. After successfully defending the diploma to which the artist presented a thematic composition on the great historical revolutionary theme, Ablul Khalig returned to Baku and began teaching at the Art School named after A.Azimzade .
In 1950, together with Baba Aliyev and Alexei Zarubin he created a great multi-figure composition about the modern labor of Azerbaijani cotton growers – “Cotton delivery to the state”. In order to collect the material, the painters visited collective farms in Agdam, making numerous studies and sketches that became the basis of the canvas. In 1951, the work was exhibited at the All-Union Exhibition. This picture already makes more visible the creative handwriting of Ablul Khalig: an inextricable link with life, a deep insight into the spiritual world of his characters, broad brushwork, a clear perception of light and color relations. He writes such canvases as “The white gold “, “Song of the tractor driver”, “Harvest Festival” and others. In 1961 his painting “Reporting to the Party Congress” was exhibited at the All-Union exhibition.
The painter works not only in the genre art, but also on complex compositions on historical themes. These include such works as “Gachag Nabi”, “Baku. April 28, 1920” and others.
The painter’s landscapes are no less interesting. His landscapes depicting nature of various regions of Azerbaijan – Agdam, Shamakhi, Absheron – differ with their delicate lyricism and soulfulness. His works devoted to impressions from the trips to Europe, USA and Turkey are magnificent. All landscapes feature the painter’s deep perception of coloristic richness of nature, the ability to convey the beauty of cityscapes. A series of works devoted to Istanbul , Venice, Rome , Berlin and other cities are wonderful. Working in a thick, rich painterly manner, he as if sculpts richness and shapes of the objective world, which is vividly seen in such still lives as “Wildflowers “, “Still life with a basket”, etc.
The painter is especially excited about the conveyance of the complex spiritual world of a man in the portrait works. Throughout his creative activity he referred relentlessly to this genre, he painted portraits of prominent figures of the past, his contemporaries – “N. Narimanov” , “Portrait of poet Aliaga Vahid “, “Portrait of Artist A.Azimzade”.
Abdul Khalig has a clear, realistic brushwork manner, which attaches great emotionality and personal identity to the best of his paintings.